Blepharitis is the chronic inflammation, or infection, of the eyelids and the eyelash follicles along the edge of the eyelid. Blepharitis, which is not contagious, affects patients of all ages.
Causes of Blepharitis
There are several reasons for the occurrence of blepharitis, some of them are:
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Bacterial infection
- Allergic reaction
- Poor eyelid hygiene
Symptoms of Blepharitis
Symptoms of blepharitis include:
- Red or swollen eyes
- Red or swollen eyelids
- Frequent tearing of the eyes
- Eyelids that are crusty, flaky or scaly
- Sensitivity to light
- Blurry vision
- Burning sensation in the eyes
In more serious cases, sores can form when the crusting skin is removed, the eyelashes may fall out, the eyelids can become deformed, the infection can spread to the cornea, and patients often experience excessive tearing. Blepharitis can also cause styes, chalazions and problems with the tear film.
Diagnosis of Blepharitis
The doctor will be able to diagnose blepharitis after a thorough examination of your eyes. Some of the items examined include:
- Examining the eye
- Evaluating the margins of the eye, the eyelashes and the oil glands
- Reviewing the medical history of the patient
- Testing eye pressure
Treatment of Blepharitis
There is no cure for blepharitis. There is a tendency for the condition to recur making it difficult to treat. It can be controlled with proper hygiene of the eyelids. Treatment and preventative care for blepharitis involves a thorough but gentle cleaning of the eyelids, face and scalp. Warm compresses can be applied to loosen crust and a gentle baby shampoo can help keep the eyelids clean. This treatment may be combined with antibiotics if a bacterial infection is determined to be the cause of the condition.
Trauma to the eye may be as a result of an accident, scratch, puncture or contamination, often causing swelling, redness, bleeding, pain and other symptoms for patients of all ages.
Types of Retinal Complications of Trauma
Depending on the type and severity of the injury, patients may experience certain retinal complications as a result of trauma to the eye. Conditions may include the following:
- Retinal tear
- Retinal detachment
- Retinal hemorrhage
- Purtscher’s disease
- Proliferative vitreo-retinopathy
Retinal tears and detachment may result from blunt injury, which involves the vitreous pulling away from the retina either partially or completely, allowing fluid to travel between the retina and the vitreous wall. This condition often causes flashes and floaters to develop in the vision, and can cause peripheral vision loss over time.
Retinal hemorrhaging may also occur from trauma, which is the result of the blood vessels bleeding. This condition can lead to a temporary or permanent loss of vision.
Treatment of Retinal Complications of Trauma
Patients with retinal tears and other types of ocular injuries need to seek immediate treatment for their condition in order to reduce the risk of complications. Treatment for a retinal tear or detachment usually involves laser or cryotherapy treatment to repair the damage and preserve vision.
The best treatment for trauma complications is to prevent the trauma from occurring in the first place. It is important to take the necessary precautions to protect the eyes during sports and any other dangerous activities.
Call our offices for a consultation appointment with Dr. Siems: 702-948-2010 | 702-685-2410.