What You Need To Know About LASIK in Las Vegas, NV
Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis, or LASIK, in Las Vegas, NV, is a refractive procedure that reshapes the cornea to correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. It is the most common type of refractive surgery. Using targeted laser beam energy, our doctor at Siems LASIK & Eye Centers reshapes the cornea so that light rays are more precisely focused on the retina, producing clear, sharp vision.
The procedure is a safe one, but it is not ideal for everyone. A thorough medical evaluation of the patient’s eyes must be performed to determine whether the LASIK procedure is appropriate. Patients must fully understand the details and risks and maintain realistic expectations for the outcome. Good candidates are:
- Over 18 years old
- Not pregnant or nursing
- In general good health
- Have had stable vision for at least 6 months
- Have healthy corneal tissue, thick enough for a flap
- Have refractive errors that fall within the treatable range
The Benefits of LASIK
One of the primary advantages is that patients experience improved vision immediately after surgery. Laser eye surgery can correct many peoples’ vision enough to free them from the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses. Approximately 90 percent achieve 20/20 to 20/40 vision.
LASIK has the advantage of being a short procedure with permanent vision improvement. Most patients achieve clear vision without corrective lenses while also benefiting from minimal downtime and only mild post-operative discomfort.
The LASIK Procedure
We perform LASIK on an outpatient basis using only numbing eye drops to reduce any potential discomfort. The entire surgery takes less than 5 minutes to perform, although patients can expect to spend a few hours at our office. We can provide an oral sedative prior to surgery upon request to reduce anxiety. Once we begin, the patient lies down in a reclining chair as our doctor positions the laser precisely over the eye.
A speculum is used to keep the eye open while being cleaned, and anesthetic eye drops are administered. A corneal flap is created with either a blade or a laser. The surgeon gently lifts the surface of the cornea aside, enabling the excimer laser to reshape the cornea’s curvature. The excimer laser delivers customized pulses of light energy based on each patient’s prescription. The measurements and positioning are determined prior to surgery. The second eye is treated immediately after the first. Following the surgery, the patient is provided with a protective shield to protect the eyes from bright lights.
Risks of LASIK Eye Surgery
Any surgical procedure carries some risks, and patients should be aware that the changes we make to the cornea are irreversible. Nonetheless, LASIK is considered safe for most eligible patients. Only 1 percent experience complications. These can include:
- Under Correction or Overcorrection of Vision
- Dry Eyes
- Flap Complications
- Postsurgical Infection
- Increased Sensitivity to Light
- Visual Problems, Such as Halos or Night Glare
- Fluctuating Vision
After LASIK, patients rest in our ophthalmologist’s office for a short time before having someone escort them home. Medication may be prescribed to relieve discomfort during the first 24 to 48 hours after surgery, but most patients tolerate this procedure well. The doctor will likely recommend a few hours of rest, though most return to work and other activities the next day. Strenuous activities should be avoided for at least a week.
Typically, patients experience a significant improvement in their vision immediately after the procedure, but the full benefits of LASIK may not be apparent for several months. While patients can achieve clear vision, this treatment does not prevent presbyopia, the age-related vision changes that occur after age 40. Many need reading glasses for this condition, but distance vision remains clear.
Hear Dr. Jon Siems talk about Custom LASIK Surgery, a procedure that can correct farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism.