Receiving routine and comprehensive adult eye exams is critical for maintaining healthy vision and identifying and treating various diseases or disorders. Adults in Las Vegas should receive eye exams every other year and every year after turning sixty years of age. These exams are crucial for detecting cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration. Exams are particularly important for people that have risk factors or a family history of eye problems. Dr. Jon L. Siems has performed routine adult exams in Las Vegas since 2001, and is one of the most experienced Ophthalmologists in Nevada.
What to do before your eye exam
It is very important for patients to be prepared. The first step is the initial phone call to an experienced optometrist of the patients choosing to schedule an appointment. Patients should be prepared to describe any vision problems.
Patients should create a list of questions they have or any specific issues with their vision. They should also list all current medications along with noting their family history regarding eye health.
If the patient wears glasses or contact lenses, they should bring them to the appointment. It is also a good idea to bring a dark pair of sunglasses in case the pupils are dilated. The patient may be advised to plan to have someone take them home if needed.
What to expect during an eye exam
A thorough medical and vision history is generally requested as the first step in exams for adults, followed by a 30-60 minute evaluation of their vision and their overall eye health. Tests that are typically administered during a routine adult exam are listed as the following:
Test for movement of eye muscles:
This test is performed by observing the patient’s ability to visually follow a moving light that continually changes direction. This test identifies control and muscle strength.
Test your eyes for visual acuity:
This test requires the patient to cover one eye at a time and then read the letters they see on the chart in front of them. They are asked to read as far down as possible to the smallest letters they are able to see clearly.
Test for reaction of pupils and the exterior:
This test allows the optometrist to observe how the patient’s pupils react to light and to nearby objects. The exterior of each eye is also observed, including the eyelid position and the white part of the eye.
Eye cover test:
This test determines whether the patient’s eyes work well together by covering and uncovering each one as the patient stares at objects of varying distances.
This test can be conducted either by shining a light in to the patient’s eyes or by having them look through a machine with flip lenses while the optometrist observes how the light is reflecting off each of their eyes.
Test for glaucoma:
This tests the fluid pressure of the eye and is administered by blowing a puff of air using a special instrument used after numbing drops are administered.
This test is only used if the patient has or needs corrective lenses. It is typically administered by having the patient identify the clearer of two slides that are continuously flipped back and forth.
Retinal eye exam:
This test involves dilating the pupils and using an ophthalmoscope to examine the back of the eyes, including the retina, vitreous, retinal blood vessels, and the head of the optic nerve.
Slit lamp test:
This test uses a slit lamp to light up and magnify the front of the eye in order to detect a number of disorders and diseases by observing the lens, cornea, iris, and anterior chamber.
Test of the visual field:
This exam tests the patients peripheral vision.
By using ultrasound, the optometrist is able to get a baseline reading of the corneal thickness used for future comparison for patients possibly needing corneal surgery.
Dilating the pupils in your eyes:
This is done by enlarging the pupils by using special drops. This allows the optometrist to fully examine the inside of the eye using various lights and instruments. It takes about twenty to thirty minutes for the pupils to dilate and may cause the eyes to be more sensitive to light or cause blurry vision. This is where bringing sunglasses to the exam may come in handy.
Tips for finding an Optometrist
- Family doctor referrals
- Friends and family referrals
- Department of optometry or ophthalmology at local medical centers or hospitals
- State associations, academies, or optometrist and ophthalmology societies
Dr. Jon L. Siems has been providing adults in Las Vegas with surgeries and exams since 2001. He is equipped with the most up to date technology and a highly trained and caring staff. He is well known in his field and among his Las Vegas peers and has been referred to as “the best” by his patients. He provides comprehensive adult exams but also attends to patients of all ages. Siems Lasik and Eye Center provides flexible office hours including Saturdays for those individuals with busy schedules. Dr. Siems is highly professional, yet treats his patients like family. Contact his Las Vegas office today to schedule an adult exam.